The concept, very consistent with the nonviolent wordlview, that a state, or for that matter any person or group, cannot be secure without the other states or individuals in question enjoying security at the same time. In the common security viewpoint, an opponent who is unable to attack you may make you somewhat secure, but a former opponent who does not want to attack you makes you secure in a more meaningful, deeper and more reliable sense. It is the much deeper security that comes from not having enemies, as opposed to the conventional concept of keeping them in check. This is of course part of the positive-sum approach to conflict so characteristic of nonviolence. Compare Emma Goldman’s observation that “the freedom of each is rooted in the freedom of all.” Along with total security it constitutes the nonviolent approach to the universal need to be secure.